Human Trafficking is a form of modern-day slavery where people profit from the control and exploitation of others; this crime occurs when a trafficker uses force, fraud or coercion to control another person for the purpose of engaging in commercial sex or soliciting labor services against his/her will. Traffickers use violence, threats, blackmail, false promises, deception, manipulation, and debt bondage to trap vulnerable individuals in horrific situations. Sex trafficking has been found in a wide variety of venues within the commercial sex industry, including residential brothels, online escort services, fake massage businesses, strip clubs, and street prostitution.
Human Trafficking became a federal crime with the passage of the Trafficking Victims Protections Act (TVPA). Both labor trafficking and sex trafficking are covered under the TVPA. Sex Trafficking is the recruitment, harboring, transportation, provision or obtaining of a person for the purposes of a commercial sex act, in which the commercial sex act is induced by force, fraud, or coercion, or in which the person induced to perform such an act has not attained 18 years of age (22 USC § 7102; 8 CFR § 214.11(a)).